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Tava

A flat Indian tawa

A tava, tawa, tapa, saj, or sac is a large flat, concave or convex disc-shaped frying pan (dripping pan/ flat skillet/ griddle) made from metal, usually sheet iron, cast iron, sheet steel or aluminium originating from the Indian subcontinent. It is used in Central, West Asia, Caucasus, the Caribbean, the Balkans and the Indian subcontinent, for cooking a variety of flatbreads and as a frying pan. It also sometimes refers to the ceramic frying pan.

A flat Indian tawa
A flat tawa used in Indian cuisine

In West Asia, tava/saj are invariably convex, while in the Indian subcontinent all flat, convex and concave versions are found.

A tava or saj is used to bake a variety of leavened and unleavened flatbreads and pancakes across the broad region: pita, naan, saj bread, roti, chapati, paratha, dosa, and pesarattu. In Pakistan, especially in rural areas, large convex saj are used to cook several breads at a same time or to make rumali roti.

In the Indian subcontinent, tavas are also used to fry foods called chaat, pav bhaji, taka tak bhaji, tawa bhaji, tava fry, tawa masala, etc.

Meat is also cooked on a saj. The traditional Georgian chicken tapaka is cooked on a tapa.

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